Temple of Mars Ultor Claudian Date
Dated sometime to Augustus and even Hadrian, I would suggest the article by F. Albertson AJA (1987): The well-known Roman historical relief depicting a procession of togate figures in front of a Corinthian decastyle building is reexamined. The Claudian date first proposed by Sieveking is accepted on the basis of stylistic affinities with the “Ara Pietatis” and the dress of the lictors represented on the relief. The background structure is identified as an Augustan building, perhaps the Temple of Mars outside the Porta Capena, but definitely not the Hadrianic Temple of Venus and Roma as most scholars have argued. The composition of the pediment of the structure is discussed in the context of the iconographical development in Roman art of the encounter between Mars and Rhea Silvia.
The dating of the relief has been much debated, and I can see why, you have to deal with archeitecture, iconography, portrait study, and hairtsyle on the figures from the relief. Not to mention the type of dress on the figure, ie; is the clothing early republic? Augustan, late Julio Claudian. It would be worth the study.
On the Temple of Divus “Augustus”
Vol. 46, No. 3 (Autumn, 1992), pp. 232-255
(article consists of 24 pages)
An Augustan Temple Represented on a Historical Relief Dating to the Time of Claudius
Fred C. Albertson
American Journal of Archaeology
Vol. 91, No. 3 (Jul., 1987), pp. 441-458
(article consists of 18 pages)
NEW YORK, NY.- Christie’s announced the sale of Antiquities on June 10, which will offer over 150 lots with a stunning selection of Roman marbles, Greek helmets and vases, and Egyptian art. The highlight of the sale is a rare Roman marble relief from the Julio-Claudian period, circa early 1st century A.D., that depicts the Emperor Tiberius standing before a seated Genius with the goddess Concordia between them as intermediary. This outstanding Imperial commission, perhaps from an altar or other civic monument, is superbly sculpted in high relief. Carved with great technical precision the relief combines depth and perspective within the limited thickness of the marble slab. The sculptor of the relief was an artist of importance and considerable skill, one well acquainted with Classical and Hellenistic styles of drapery.
Billed as the biggest highlight of the sale is a rare Roman marble relief from the Julio-Claudian period, circa early 1st century A.D. It depicts the Emperor Tiberius standing before a seated Genius (a manifestation of his divine side) with the goddess Concordia between them as intermediary. From news. Private sale.
I hate to see such a rare piece from the Julio Claudian dynasty go to private hands, but I guess I wish I could put it in my front room also. The only hope is it will be studied and we can see the art historian(s) comments. It may also be put on display for temporary display. Anyway, what a wonderful example of Julio Claudian expertise in art!
Julio Claudian Inscription
CIL 06, 40307 = AE 1996, 00246
Imp(eratori) Caisari divi f(ilio) / Augusto / pontifici maximo co(n)s(uli) XI / tribunicia potestat(e) XI // Neroni Claudio divi / Claudii f(ilio) / Germanici Caisaris n(epoti) / Ti(beri) Caisaris Aug(usti) pron(epoti) / divi Augusti abn(epoti) / Caisari Aug(usto) Germanico pont(ifici) / max(imo) trib(unicia) potest(ate) II imp(eratori) co(n)s(uli) // Ti(berio) Claudio Drusi f(ilio) / Caisari Augusto / Germanico pontifici / maximo tribunicia pot(estate) / imp(eratori) co(n)s(uli) II // Iuliae Au[gustae] / Agri[ppinae] / Germanic[i Caesaris f(iliae)] / divi Cla[udi uxori] // Aenatores tubicines liticines cornicines Romani/ Romani